Oral Candida

One of the most severe infections caused by the Candida fungus in the mouth is known as Oral Candida or Oral Thrush. Oral Candidiasis or Candida throat is a fungal infection occurring on the mucus membranes. The yeast causing this infection mostly affects tinnier lives like toddlers and babies. However, this can occur also in some adults and people with a faint immune system as well.

In a study conducted in 2006, an investigation was made by the Department of Microbiology at the Medical University of Bialystok in Poland to understand if the occurrence of Candida fungi in the mouth is more in the case of those with dentures or not. In case of patients with dentures, samples were taken from the palatal mucosa, tongue dorsa and mucosal regions in order to do the mycological experiments. In case of those without dentures, swabs from the palate as well as tongue. By using standard methods, it was found that among 95 patients (of which 57 had either partial or complete dentures), 38 patients revealed growth of the Candida fungus more frequently than in the remaining 11 patients. This study revealed that whether patients with dentures suffered from diabetes or not; the occurrence of Candida was higher in them. So if you do wear dentures then you do have a higher chance of having oral Candida yeast infection. Denture uses should clean their dentures toughly at night and soak them overnight in a solution of water and denture cleansing tablet. This will ensure that all harmful fungus and bacteria are eliminated on the dentures before use.


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Who Are the Ones Affected?

Almost every body has some tiny amounts of Candida yeast in areas like mouth, skin and intestinal tracts which is not at all un-healthy. The other micro-organisms present in the body help to dictate and restrict the quantity of Candida fungus present in our bodies. Sometimes certain medicines or stress help in exceeding the amount of Candida fungus which ultimately causes oral thrush. Medications like Corticosteroids, antibiotics and birth controlling pills can also cause overgrowth of the Candida yeast. Candidiasis of mouth mostly occurs in those people suffering from diabetes, hormonal imbalance due to pregnancy, dry mouth or even people with HIV or Cancer. The occurrence of oral Candida is very common amongst those who smoke on a daily basis, so smokers need to give-up or cut down on their smoking habits.

Since oral Candida is common among little ones, they can easily contract the infection from their mother during the breast feeding stage as well.


Symptoms of Oral Candida
Some signs and symptoms of oral Candida are:

  • Occurrence of a white deposition on the surface of the tongue is the most common sign of this infection.

  • Difficulty to swallow solid or liquid food in cases of Candida throat infection.

  • Sometimes this oral infection is accompanied by fever to caution its arrival.

  • Most of the time, oral Candida occurs over a long period of time. It does not happen in one day.

  • This disease can be genetic at times and thus becoming chronic in nature.


Oral Candida
Diagram showing areas where Oral Candida Occur.

Although oral Candida occurs in the mouth, it can spread into the lungs, skin and also affect the liver. People with weaker immune system are more prone to fast spreading of this infectious fungus.

An impressive study was done by eminent doctors and researchers like David C. Coleman and Derek J. Sullivan in 2008. It was found that oral Candida has become a serious issue especially for those infected with the HIV virus. Their attempt was to determine the presence of Candida Albicans as well as the non-albicans viruses present within HIV infected patients. Candida fungi which are present within the mouth of the HIV-infected individuals are exposed to various difficulties which increase their number and are aided with unique genotypes and phenotypes. This made it difficult to understanding the behaviour of Candida in HIV patients when compared to patients without. This study goes to show that the Candida fungi can appear to function differently in people with HIV, which can also make the treatment of this infection in such patients even more difficult as well, seeking the advice of your doctor is recommended.


How to Treat Oral Thrush?

Getting rid of oral Candida will differ from one person to another undoubtedly. On the basis of age and health conditions, diagnosis can vary strongly. But it is important to treat this oral condition in order to track down the presence of this fungus as well as to limit the spread of their behaviour. There are several medications which the doctor may prescribe for this infection like nystatin, itraconazole, fluconazole and so on. Besides these medicine elements, certain home remedies can also benefit a patient as well.
Here are some helpful tips:

  • Use a soft-bristle tooth brush

  • Using a new toothbrush everyday while under medication and until cured entirely

  • Don’t use chemical floss or mouthwashes

  • Take Probiotics everyday

  • Add 3 table spoons of apple cider vinegar into a full glass of water and slowly sip-on the mixture

  • Avoid eating sweets/candy

These habits will help to curb the effect of Candida when aided with proper medicines and Candida diet.


Oral Candida albicans in denture wearers – Advances in Medical Sciences Journal – 2006 – By Daniluk T , Tokajuk G , Stokowska W , Fiedoruk K
Oral Candida in HIV Infection and AIDS: New Perspectives/New Approaches – Journal Critical Reviews in Microbiology – 1993 – By David C. Coleman, Désirée E. Bennett, Derek J. Sullivan
The Oral Microbiome in an Ecological Perspective
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Published: 2015
Pathogenic Yeasts
Book By: Ruth Ashbee & ‎Elaine M. Bignell
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Innate Immune System of Skin and Oral Mucosa
Book By: Nava Dayan & ‎Philip W. Wertz
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Handbook of Bacterial Adhesion
Book By: Yuehuei H. An & ‎Richard J. Friedman
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Nelson Textbook of Pediatrics E-Book
Book By: Robert M. Kliegman & ‎Joseph St. Geme
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Endodontic Microbiology
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